Illustration showing five different vulvas
Home/Cycle Matters / Reproductive Health

Vulva: Diagram, function, location & anatomy

Written by Brittney Bertagna RN

Brittney Bertagna RN

Brittney Bertagna is a registered nurse with a passion for writing about female health. As a healthcare professional, she brings a unique perspective to her work, creating credible content that is engaging and accessible to her audience. As a health magazine editor, Brittney ensures dissemination of evidence-based, patient-centered content. Brittney has worked with numerous notable healthcare brands, writing on topics such as female anatomy, sexual health, and nutrition.

Fact checked by Agathe van Lamsweerde, Scientist at Natural Cycles

Agathe van Lamsweerde

Agathe van Lamsweerde has a Master's degree in Mathematical Engineering, having studied at the KU Leuven in Belgium and at the EPFL in Switzerland. With a Minor in Biomedical Engineering, she has always been interested in how technology can support the human body, from heart signal filtering to looking at the optimal artificial knee materials. Since joining as a Data Scientist at Natural Cycles, Agathe loves working on both the in-house algorithms and breaking the stigma in the field of women’s reproductive health with external research teams from all over the world.

Key takeaways

  • The vulva is an important part of the female anatomy and contains several important parts, including the head of the clitoris and the opening to the vaginal canal
  • The vulva also serves as a protective barrier for our internal organs and plays an important part in making sure the female reproductive system works as it should
  • Despite its importance, the vulva remains a subject of significant misunderstanding and taboo in many cultures
  • Ensuring your vulva stays healthy is important for your overall reproductive health. As the gatekeeper to the reproductive and urinary systems, the vulva requires attentive and gentle care

The vulva is the external part of the female genitalia, consisting of several important parts of our bodies, including the urethra (where you pee from) and the clitoris (an essential part of the female pleasure anatomy). The vulva does not include the cervix, womb, or other internal parts of the female reproductive system. 

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